The fourth stage Mesothelioma Treatment

The fourth stage is the last stage and the most advanced of mesothelioma are diagnosed with mesothelioma as one of the four stages, ranging from the first and the fourth stage. Patients who are diagnosed with stage IV mesothelioma treatment options will be less effective. And intensified by the mesothelioma is characterized by time and the fourth stage, and tumor growth and symptoms compared with the previous stages. This stage with the poorest prognosis, but the resources available to help patients to cope and make decisions the best treatment for their cause.
In the fourth stage Mesothelioma treatment is changing the focus to the end of life care and emotional support and management of physical symptoms. Surgery may provide temporary relief of pain, but is not recommended for this late stage of malignant mesothelioma to conduct surgery.

The fourth stage Mesothelioma is a terminal. The cancer has spread to vital organs in the body through the lymphatic system and bloodstream. Tumors occur after the point of origin in the pleura or pericardium peritoneum. May remove a large tumor or initial offering comfort, but at this stage impossible to remove all the tumors of affected tissue in the body and non-proliferation later.
With stage IV mesothelioma pleural lung may be involved with full lymph nodes and cancer of the esophagus in the neck and underarms.
Pericardial tumor with Stage IV cancer has spread and possibly in the body behind the heart in the chest cavity. Through the blood stream mesothelioma may travel to remote areas in the body.
With peritoneal tumor stage IV, not only does the cancer spread throughout the entire abdominal cavity, may spread to nearby lymph nodes in the groin, and other devices.

Common treatments for stage III tumor
Surgery / radiation
Mesothelioma treatment the fourth stage tends to be more palliative, which aims to relieve symptoms of treatment, for example, pleural mesothelioma treatments to drain excess fluid from the pleural cavity, such as thoracentesis is usually used or puncture to relieve the symptoms and try not to treat cancer. In most cases in the advanced stages, patients who are not eligible to receive treatment to surgery and their bodies are unable to withstand the pressure from the surgery.
Surgery treatment in the fourth stage of the case of mesothelioma is generally very wide because of the growth pattern of mesothelioma is not possible to remove all the tumors. If the use of surgery in the fourth stage of the patient it is possible to remove the largest tumor to relieve pressure on the lungs and relieve the symptoms and pain.
No multi-modal treatment plans that combine traditional surgery, radiation and chemotherapy are usually used for patients with stage IV tumor. However, they are sometimes used for reasons of pain management. Had surgery to remove the primary tumor, but does not guarantee more alleviate the spread or recurrence.
With pleural mesothelioma is surgery to remove the primary tumor to relieve pressure on the lungs and improve breathing. Similarly, surgery and Pericarditis peritoneal mesothelioma may reduce the strain on the heart, abdomen, and provide pain relief.

Can reduce the pain for some patients, but in this advanced stage of mesothelioma are significant risks. In some cases, after removing the primary tumor may help to spread slowly to chemotherapy.

Thoracentesis / paracentesis / pericardiocentesis
Drain excess fluid from the affected areas sometimes provide relief, but symptoms are not therapeutic option for stage IV tumor.
Thoracentesis drains excess fluid in the lungs. Puncture drain excess fluid in the abdominal area. Pericardiocentesis and drain the fluid from the heart.
These actions may not only provide a temporary sense of comfort because there is significant risk of the accumulation of fluid to be repeated.

Palliative care
Treatment turns with advanced stages of mesothelioma to palliative care and to ensure that the patient was pain free and comfortable.
Care for the elderly and provides a decent option for some patients stage IV tumor. Quality of life is the primary goal of care for the elderly as well as providing emotional support is necessary. Not only for the patient but also for their families and this is very important.
Integration of alternative options to provide palliative care with additional material and moral support and spiritual. For those with stage IV tumor, or meditation may provide an outlet for emotional and assist him in the face of nature of plant disease. Other alternative treatments mesothelioma may not be appropriate for patients with stage IV tumor, because many of them require the movement and effort, the patient may not be able to do.


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